Useful Tips in Making a Website

It can be a scary task for the people who are new to the world of website designing to build their own website. With the certain keys and steps to be followed, you can simply make it into a simpler process. Before jumping in with it, it is very much important to do proper research. This is a one way of saving your time and money.

One of the essential things for you to remember in getting your own site online is the following: website building tool, domain name and the web host. You can actually make a unique website from a simple text editor but on the other hand, you need to know and understand HTML or the Hyper Text Markup Language.

In addition, there is some of the website building tools that are designed especially to the people without knowledge on HTML. This is through the so-called “what you see is what you get editors”. You create the pages you want and this editor will automatically convert what you are doing into HTML. To find a domain is an easier process. You need to find first a domain that is free and register it with a domain name. You don’t need to worry about this, for there are many companies who can help you to do it quickly and straightforward. Finding domain name ends with .com, .org or .net. And the web hosts are the companies that you are paying for to host your website. This is for the reason that every site must be stored in a one powerful server or a powerful computer and this is the way wherein your visitors can get over your spot for they can be directed into your site because of the server.

In addition, these are some of the significant things that you need to know more in trying to make your website a compelling site.

* Make sure that your website will load fast.
* It should have a layout that is clear and pleasant to the eyes
* Always use colors that the visitors will be interested in.
* Make sure to have a FAQs page for your site.
* Provide information to the visitors that are relevant and easy to understand.
* Keep you site on the basics: it should be open and light
* write the contents that are original, bold and short
* Establish trust with the visitors coming in and out
* Keep in mind the way your visitor will feel, try to envision them by giving a thought as what they are looking into.

Website development is something that you should not just take for granted especially if you are starting your own business. If you want to learn more about website development and want more tips, check out

Computer Repair Business

If you have been considering setting up a small business within your home and you happen to be good with computers, you might want to consider running a computer repair business out of your home. There are many things that you can do when it comes to computer repairs, and two of the most popular are software applications and hardware repair and or instillation. People today rely heavily on their computers as a means to keep in touch with friends and family, and some people much like you are running a small business from their home. If these machines go down, someone is going to need to fix them for these people why not you?

Fixing Machines

A computer repair business from your home can actually be a very profitable company. There are many things that people look forward to what it comes to their computer; if their machine breaks they are going to need help. This is where you can come into the picture, and you will have the opportunity to making a lot of money. If the people that run a small business from home bring you their machine, you can expect that they are going to pay you handsomely to get them back on the field. Every day that they are down, is essentially money lost. This is why you have a chance of making an excellent income. Some simple tools and a bit of space in your home are all that it really requires today.

Installing Software

With a computer repair business you are going to encounter clients that are looking for tune ups or even software upgrades. This is something that has the potential to be very lucrative for you, as you can find the software at wholesale cost and install it retail and charge labor. This will bring you a good deal of money from this area of the business, as there are many people that look to have their machines current and up to date with their programs. With so many different programs on the market, you should not be surprised to find some people that simply want you to fully load their machines with programs. This is because it can be a time consuming affair to load a program on a computer, some people simply do not have the time or the patience.

Great For Your Own Machine

If you are running a computer repair business from your home, you will actually have an easy time not only working on your own machine but acquiring great software for it as well. You will meet many people along the way, and chances are someone will come to you with great contacts. This will help push your business further, and you can actually see even more growth than you had originally anticipated. This will be great for you and the small business that you started, as you will then see that you may have to hire someone to help you in the growing company.

Roger Barnes writes home business, work from home and related articles for the Home Business Selection website at

How to Send a Secret Message


The term Steganography as well cryptography was derived from the Greek language. Cryptography is essentially the art of secret writing and the goal is to maintain the secrecy of the message even if it is visible. Steganography, means covered writing, and is a long-practiced form of hiding information. It should not be seen as a replacement for cryptography but rather as a complement to it.

Cryptography is used to conceal the content of a message, while steganography is used to conceal the existence of a message.

The technology behind effective Steganography is quite complex and involves serious mathematical computations. Computers and technology make this an easy task and make this art of deception a serious threat to the security of

information. The strength of a steganographic algorithm depends on its ability to successfully withstand attacks. Companies with important and sensitive information, and relying on the security and integrity of their intellectual property, could be at significant risk.

Steganography under various media

Steganography includes a vast array of techniques for hiding messages in a variety of media. Among these methods are invisible inks, covert channels, digital signatures, microdots, and spread-spectrum communications. New age technology helps steganography to use various mediums like – text, images, sound, signals, and more.

Steganography in Text

This process involves using steganography within text, i.e. documents or emails. This process is used to counteract the wide scale piracy or illegal distribution of documents, wherein infringers make identical copies of documents without paying royalties to the original author.

  1. Line-Shift coding: In this method, text lines are vertically shifted to encode the document uniquely.
  2. Word-Shift coding: In this method, codewords are coded into a document by shifting the horizontal locations of words within text lines, while maintaining a natural spacing appearance.
  3. Feature coding: In feature coding, certain text features are altered, or not altered, depending on the codeword. For example, one could encode bits into text by extending or shortening the vertical end lines of letters such as p, q, y, etc.

Steganography in Images

This process involves exploiting the Human Visual System (HVS). Image steganography is being increasingly used due to the development of powerful graphical computers and the increasing softwares over the internet.

  1. Image Compression: Image compression helps in reducing the file size by compressing it to a certain extent. Two kinds of image compression are lossless and lossy compression.
  2. Image Encoding techniques: This technique involves in hiding the secret information within the image. It can be done in many ways, like encoding every bit of information in the image or encoding only in the noisy areas of the image.

Steganography in Audio

This form of steganography is very sensitive to handle, as it involves exploiting the Human Auditory System (HAS). We call it sensitive, because the HAS posses a large dynamic range but a small differential range. The following are the methods of this type of steganography –

  1. Phase Coding – This process involves substituting the phase of an initial audio segment with a reference phase that represents the data.
  2. Low bit encoding – This process is similar to image encoding, wherein binary data is stored in the audio files.
  3. Spread Spectrum – In this process, the encoded data is spread across the frequency of the audio data.
  4. Echo Data Hiding – Echo data hiding embeds data into a host signal by introducing an echo.


There are so many components to this form of deception, which are increasingly used either for safeguarding some valuable data or for destroying it. The thing with white collar crimes is that criminals don’t necessarily “look” like criminals and they often proceed for years without being caught. This article aims to make people aware of this form of deception and the threat it poses to digital security.

The author is a technology trainer and consultant who helps businesses build their online brand. His key passion apart from writing articles is Web 2.0 technologies and re-creating value for living. If you feel Sameer can be of any help to you, please send an email

Life is Unpredictable, Your Data Shouldn’t Be!

With the arrival of various internet based applications which allow people to express themselves, the web has definitely become democratic. But using the same for carrying out personal or malicious activities, and that too using your office computer can land you in deep trouble.

A senior executive at a marketing firm was accused by his boss of passing on vital company data to a competing firm, he denied it. “But we have the proof”, his boss told him and showed it to him, as clear as daylight. The executive resigned immediately. It’s a fact of life in the 21st century workplace; the boss may well be watching you, especially if you use a office computer. Improper computer use can also spell legal trouble. Downloading pirated music or movies onto a work computer can prompt a copyright-infringement suit. Viewing pornography or sending sexually suggestive emails can lead to sexual harassment claims. Thus, an employer can use special software to monitor everything – it’s as if a camera is watching your computer.

Companies are using two types of spying software: network-based programs that monitor all traffic passing through a system, and programs that sit directly on an employee’s desktop. What can such software do? They can track and block the websites a user tries to visit and log his or her every keystroke. The boss can see screen shots of what the employees do on Yahoo! He can see what they’re typing, whether it’s resumes or business-related stuff. Such program even keeps track of songs that employees download to their iPod. In the American and European countries, one in four companies reports firing someone for improper email use. Such software works without being identified, even by an anti-virus program.

There are plenty of valid reasons for companies to monitor their worker’s computer use.

1. Productivity: A recent survey found that employees on average wasted at least two hours a day-much of it online-doing things other than work.

2. Security: Porn, gambling and gaming sites, for example, can harbour viruses and other malicious programs that load onto a computer secretly and allow outsiders to damage a network or make off with sensitive information.

3. Companies also have competitive reasons to keep tabs on workers.

4. Employee attrition: With young employees who may have quickly changing loyalties, more and more companies see the need to spy.

5. Reputation Management: Companies want to be sure that there employee’s defamatory work does not harm the company’s global reputation.

Implementing all these policies may be beneficial for the companies, but the employees always feel pressurised. They feel paralysed, if their every activity from composing the weekly report to emails is tracked. And who hasn’t opened his email to find a message from a friend passing along a goofy YouTube clip or an off-colour joke. If it does get a laugh, it’s probably passed along to a few more people. And this can seriously land the employee who first circulated such content within the company.

It seems that technology will continue to creep unabashedly into the workplace. So, if you blog, forward naughty email, flirt, chat or search for a new job, just remember that it’s safest to use your own computer for any of that in the comfort of your home.

The author is a technology trainer and consultant who helps businesses build their online brand. His key passion apart from writing articles is Web 2.0 technologies and re-creating value for living. If you feel Sameer can be of any help to you, please send an email

How to Synchronise Your Windows PC to a Time Server

Do you regularly need to correct the time on your PC? The answer is probably “Yes!”. This is because computers have very poor time-keeping hardware. Often, the system clock in a regular PC can drift by minutes each day. However, help is at hand. It is very easy to synchronise the time on your Microsoft Windows computer with one of the most accurate clocks in the world. This article describes how to configure your Windows system to synchronise it’s internal system time with an Internet based ‘atomic time’ reference.

PC’s utilise an internal hardware real-time clock to maintain time. Generally, this hardware clock circuit utilises very low-cost components. This results in poor time-keeping performance. It is not unusual for a computer to loose minutes each day. There are hardware solutions available, which can improve timekeeping, such as more precision crystal oscillators. However, modifying PC’s at board level is not an option for most users. Additionally, accurate time-keeping hardware can be prohibitively expensive. Ideally, a software solution to maintain accurate time is required. This is where the Network Time Protocol (NTP) comes in.

NTP is one of the oldest Internet protocols still in regular use today. Dr David Mills of the University of Dellaware invented it over 25 years ago. He recognised the need to synchronise time critical processes across the Internet. The Network Time Protocol allows client computers to synchronise to an accurate time reference over the Internet. NTP uses the UDP (User Datagram Protocol) over IP (Internet Protocol) to request time from an accurate time reference. It then waits for and accepts a response from the server before updating it’s internal system time with the supplied reference time.

There are many NTP Servers residing on the Internet. Government or educational institutions generally maintain them. A NTP server obtains highly accurate time from an external time reference such as GPS or Radio and maintains this time internally. It then distributes the precise time to network time clients.

The latest Microsoft Windows operating systems, such as XP and Vista, incorporate a SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) client. This client can easily be used to synchronise to an Internet or locally based NTP server. The client is configured from the time and date properties applet in the control panel, or by double clicking on the time in the system tray. One of the time properties tabs is labelled ‘Internet time’. On this tab is a field called “Server” which accepts either the IP address or domain name of a NTP time server. Click the “Update Now” button and Windows will attempt to synchronise with the selected time reference. Ensure that the “Automatically Synchronise with an Internet Time Source” option is ticked and Windows will periodically update time from the reference automatically, thus keeping your system clock accurate.

If synchronisation fails then ensure that the supplied IP address or domain name of the NTP server is correct. Alternatively, it may be your firewall that is preventing communication with the time server. NTP operates on UDP port 123, so you must ensure that this port is left open on your firewall. The Windows firewall can be accessed from the Control Panel. To open NTP port 123, open the Windows Security Centre and select ‘Manage Security Settings for Windows Firewall’. From the Windows Firewall applet select the ‘Exceptions’ tab. Click ‘Add Port’ to add an exception to the firewall. Enter a name for the exception, such as ‘NTP port’, and port number ‘123’ and check UDP. Click OK to accept the settings. If you have a separate combined firewall and ADSL router, you may need to refer to your manufacturers documentation to find out how to open a port on the firewall.

To conclude, most computers keep extremely poor time. For many applications that rely on accurate time stamps, this can be entirely unacceptable. However, by utilising the Network Time Protocol, everyone can ensure that their computers system time is kept in sync with the most accurate clock in the world!

Please visit TimeTools website for more information and articles on NTP servers, network time synchronisation and time server solutions.

Electronic Pick-Pocket – Stop it Now!

Banks and financial institutions are doing their best to improve security. They are adding multiple questions to answer before gaining access to an account and using secure (HTTPS) connections to scramble the transmission so prying electronic eavesdroppers cannot grab information. This all sounds great except if the criminal element is able to pick this information directly from your computer! And, sadly, there are too many computers surfing the Internet with open computer ports, the doors into the computer, ripe for the picking or a person opening bogus emails that download a thief’s malicious code.

You might say, “I’m safe, I’ve got the Windows Firewall, a respected Anti-Malware (Virus) protection Software plus a Anti-Spyware program. What’s the problem, hey, the computer does seem a bit slower but everyone is complaining about that!” The problem, like the last Computer I performed a Security Audit on, was 120 detections of which 2 were electronic pick-pocketing programs. And, the slow computer was due to these plus other issues of which one was excessive Add-Ons to Internet Explorer. In fact, part of the slowness of Internet Explorer was due to the Anti-Spyware program they were using for protection.

Maybe you are getting a little worried, and this is a necessary ingredient towards action, because the criminal element is keen to have your money and your identity. Don’t go too far and be fearful because there is plenty of help! First of all, financial institutions are not going to allow these rogue elements to stop the economy and the Internet is too useful a tool. The first thing to do is follow some KEY TIPS – such always typing in financial institution web site addresses directly and do not click on links for these in emails. Do not use a debit card on the Internet, only use a Credit Card for purchases. The other step is to setup a multi-layered Security using top-rated security.

What are the criteria for top rated security programs; consistency, efficiency and proficiency. The Security Program needs to perform over time and be adaptable. A slow computer will boil your head and there is too much bloat-ware out there. You need trusted protection. The beautiful news is that home computers can get all this for free!

Currently, there are 3 Anti-Malware programs that border on 100% detection rates which outstrip some well known Security Software. And, they do this efficiently without unduly burdening the computer.

Success, you install one of these Programs and it finds over 100 detections and these are all cleaned. This is good news but first check the computer is running okay. If so, toggle the Restore Points, because this is a well know hiding place for Malware hoping to be “Restored” back onto the computer. Toggling Restore Points on and off will delete all the previous Restore Point files and the corresponding Malware.

Now, what about those PORTS? Ports are the communication pathways between your computer and the Internet. You might even think of each PORT being a different language communicating to different countries for different activities. Now, if you were to walk into a dark neighborhood it would be nice to be invisible? Sure, and the technical term is STEALTHED. Your computer will be invisible to the general Internet. Windows Firewall can STEALTH the PORTS but eventually an EXCEPTION is needed and now the computer is visible. If a criminal element finds your computer they can begin using different kill methods to tear down the firewalls. But if you are using a top-rated FIREWALL, also free for Home Use, their task will be next to impossible. Installing top rated Firewall and Anti-Malware software are the primary steps to safe Internet use.

If you are using Windows XP the real trick is to use a LIMITED USER account for general web surfing. Many Windows XP users run with the original computer configuration that has them assigned as an ADMINISTRATOR. This is convenient for installing programs and making modifications but also convenient for MALWARE. By using a LIMITED USER account the privileges are greatly reduced on what files can be accessed and what can be modified. The net result is even if MALWARE makes it to the computer it is likely to find it cannot install itself since you and thus it do not have the necessary privileges. In giving up some control in another sense you have more control of the computer!

Making these modifications is not beyond the reach of the average or even beginning computer user. The Computer Appliance Learning Maintenance Manual is written for this purpose. There is no reason to settle for a slow computer and small business owners, especially, need to take the proactive step to protect their vulnerable computers that house important customer information. The criminals like the current situation but it is costing our economy. Take action today to protect your computer and your identity.

Diana & Paul Woodward, Authors

Copyright (c) Napa Valley Security Consulting 2009

A list of DO’s and DON’ts for using the Internet to avoid becoming a victim of Malware, Virus’s, Spyware and email scams.

Tips from Diana & Paul Woodward, Stop the Electronic Pick-Pocket

Building Vs Buying a New PC – An Overview

You’ve come to a point where you need a new computer. Should you head to the local electronics megastore and see what’s on the rack, or should you try and build a system yourself?

First off, you need to ask some fundamental questions. What is your budget? What do you expect from a computer? What will its primary functions be? Do you want it for gaming, or to surf the Web and create documents and spreadsheets? Will you be doing a lot of photo editing and artwork?

These are just some of the things to consider. Also, what kind of money are you willing to spend not only on the computer, but a printer, monitor, security software, separate data storage devices, webcams etc.

We’ll take a stroll down both paths, and I’ll try to keep things as easy to understand as I can, and limit the techspeak, unless it’s unavoidable.

Buying a New System

There are several manufacturers in the computing world, and each one makes several different types of systems. I won’t use brand names, as each company has its own merits, and its own drawbacks. Just remember, a good rule of thumb these days is a new computer system is generally obsolete after a year, sometimes sooner.

Another thing to keep in mind is expandability. A key question to ask is can you upgrade components easily? With some manufacturers, you can only use the parts that they make, such as RAM and power supplies. As time passes, the cost of replacing parts becomes a problem, as well as even being able to find them.

Don’t let these things throw you, however. Many companies are leading edge, and do their best to stay current, if not ahead, of the game. Just be aware that you’ll pay a premium for the newest features, but the cost usually doesn’t pay for itself in the long run.

Always do your homework on a particular system that catches your eye. There is plenty of information available on all the devices and gadgets out there, and if something about a system is suspect or faulty, it won’t take long to be made known to the world.

Also, don’t be shy about grilling a salesperson about features that you don’t understand or have heard bad things about. Rule of thumb on this is: If the salesman can’t answer your questions, don’t be led astray. It’s your investment, and any investment is worth understanding fully.

Building a System

Here’s where things get really interesting. If you’ve never put a computer together, it can seem impossible. However, if you have a small amount of mechanical ability and patience, you’ll find this to be a very rewarding pursuit.

You’ll also get a good understanding of how each component makes up an overall computer, as well as how each one works. I’ve personally built more machines than I can easily count, and each time out it’s always similar, but also very different.

A trip to a bookstore or the ‘Net will get you more than enough information for a complete overview of how a PC is constructed.

One of the main considerations on building your own machine is that you can blow your budget quickly on components. Always try to get the most value for the money you’re willing to spend, and shop around for the best bargains. Again, do your homework and research before heading to the store.

If you’d like to send questions to me, please feel free to visit my Website and I’ll be happy to answer your queries, or point you in the right direction.

Good luck, and happy computing!